By Steven A. Cook
The hot revolution in Egypt has shaken the Arab global to its roots. the main populous Arab nation and the historic heart of Arab highbrow existence, Egypt is a linchpin of the US's heart East procedure, receiving extra relief than any country other than Israel. this isn't the 1st time that the area and has became its gaze to Egypt, even if. A part century in the past, Egypt less than Nasser grew to become the putative chief of the Arab international and a beacon for all constructing international locations. but within the many years ahead of the 2011 revolution, it was once governed over via a sclerotic regime affected by nepotism and corruption. in the course of that point, its economic system declined into close to shambles, a critically overpopulated Cairo fell into disrepair, and it produced rankings of violent Islamic extremists similar to Ayman al-Zawahiri and Mohammed Atta.
In The fight for Egypt, Steven Cook--a Senior Fellow on the Council on overseas Relations--explains how this parlous situation got here to be, why the revolution happened, and the place Egypt could be headed subsequent. A sweeping account of Egypt within the smooth period, it incisively chronicles the entire nation's primary old episodes: the decline of British rule, the increase of Nasser and his quest to turn into a pan-Arab chief, Egypt's selection to make peace with Israel and best friend with the USA, the assassination of Sadat, the emergence of the Muslim Brotherhood, and--finally--the demonstrations that convulsed Tahrir sq. and overthrew an entrenched regime.
Throughout Egypt's historical past, there was an severe debate to outline what Egypt is, what it stands for, and its relation to the area. Egyptians now have a chance to eventually solution those questions. Doing so in a manner that appeals to the majority of Egyptians, cook dinner notes, can be tricky yet finally worthy if Egypt is to turn into an economically dynamic and politically brilliant society.
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33 Sufis are organized around “orders,” fraternity-like organizations called tara’iq that follow a charismatic leader. When he was thirteen years old, al Banna became the secretary of a local Sufi order that advocated for Islamic morality and enlisted local residents to resist the work of Christian missionaries in the area. He eventually became a full member of the Hassifiya Order of Sufism three years later. After a short time at the Primary Teachers Training School in the Nile Delta town of Damanhur, al Banna moved to Cairo, where he enrolled in Dar al Ulum.
Second, for the Brothers, Islam is based on two primary sources: the holy Quran, which is God’s revelation to his messenger on Earth, the Prophet Mohammed, and the compilation of the sayings and actions of Mohammed known as the Sunna. This was the key to understanding Islam and building a Muslim society. 39 Armed with a growing and increasingly influential organization, al Banna moved forcefully into Egypt’s political fray, as his entire project of reform required the mobilization of the Brotherhood.
Later in the war, they took part in Arab operations in Jerusalem and Bethlehem, though again they were nonfactors. The Brothers did, however, distinguish themselves during the last stage of the war when they undertook the task of resupplying the Egyptian forces that were trapped in the Faluja pocket. Despite this heroism, the Brotherhood could not entirely escape Cairo’s fraught political environment. ”49 On the battlefield, the Egyptian commanders gave the Brotherhood volunteers a choice: they could be returned to Cairo, where they would almost certainly face imprisonment, or remain in the conflict zone under the strict control of the Egyptian armed forces.