By Apostolos J. Polyzoides
Alexandria: urban of presents and Sorrows is a historic trip from the 3rd century to the multiethnic city of the twentieth century, bringing jointly assorted histories of town. old Alexandria used to be equipped by way of the Greek Ptolemies who accomplished the grand library and museum, which functioned as a school with the emphasis on technological know-how. the town was once often called “the birthplace of science,” and this ebook includes tales concerning the scientists, poets, and spiritual philosophers liable for influencing the Western brain with their writings. glossy Alexandria used to be rebuilt in 1805 by means of multiethnic groups who created a profitable advertisement urban and port. In 1952, a coup to loose the rustic from the monarchy and British domination was once masterminded, and in 1956, the socialist regime below Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser closed the Suez Canal, leading to the Anglo-French-Israeli invasion. This outburst of Egyptian nationalism and armed forces revolution integrated the confiscation of estate belonging to foreigners and the following mass exodus of industrial and artisan periods that had made the town such a success. the writer was once an eye-witness to those occasions, and he units out the political mistakes and screw ups of either Egyptian and Western leaders.
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Additional resources for Alexandria: City of Gifts and Sorrows: From Hellenistic Civilization to Multiethnic Metropolis
After two tsunamis, the entrance to the eastern harbour (the “Gate of the Moon”) and the boundary wall subsided into the sea. The place where we were going to meet, Ramleh Station (the electric tram terminal), was always busy with people coming and going – an important focal point of the city. The tram was, and still is, the most popular and convenient form of transportation from the city centre to various districts, to the south and west, the eastern suburbs and their beach resorts. The tram system in Alexandria is one of the oldest in the world, with the main line running parallel to the coast.
Forster must have looked back on his interesting and happy times in Alexandria, remembering the friends he had made, the walks he so enjoyed both in the city and by the coast – usually with excellent weather – and it was reported that he “bathed naked in the sea like Cleopatra”. Forster was angered because of increasing nationalistic attacks on British and Europeans due to the prolonged British domination, with cries in the streets of “Egypt for the Egyptians”, and he wrote letters expressing his views to the Manchester Guardian (in March 1919) and the Daily Herald (in May of the same year), disapproving of British colonialism, attacking British policy in Egypt and the callous treatment of the fellahine (farmers).
In 391 CE, a Christian leader, Theophilos of Alexandria, declared war on “pagans” and destroyed the Serapeion. The construction of houses and roads in ancient Alexandria was based on a grid system. With thoroughfares criss-crossing each other, this Greek model has been used in modern cities such as New York and Tokyo. It has been estimated that, during Ptolemy’s I reign, seven thousand homes existed in Alexandria to house one hundred thousand people. The Ptolemies had two harbours: the “Royal” on the east (used now for leisure boats) and the “Harbour of Good Return” on the west, used for commercial purposes, cotton and grain export.