By Gerhard P. Willeke, Eicke R. Weber
Semiconductors and Semimetals has individual itself during the cautious choice of famous authors, editors, and members. initially widely recognized because the "Willardson and Beer" sequence, it has succeeded in publishing a variety of landmark volumes and chapters. The sequence publishes well timed, hugely correct volumes meant for long term effect and reflecting the actually interdisciplinary nature of the sector. The volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals were and may remain of significant curiosity to physicists, chemists, fabrics scientists, and equipment engineers in academia, medical laboratories and sleek undefined. This quantity is the second of a collection of seven concerning photovoltaics.
- Written and edited through the world over popular experts
- Relevant to a large readership: physicists, chemists, fabrics scientists, and machine engineers in academia, clinical laboratories and smooth industry
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Extra resources for Advances in Photovoltaics: Volume 1
The main components are glass, polymers (for the encapsulation of cells), metals (copper for interconnections, aluminum for frames), and semiconductor silicon. 7 million tons of modules have to be transported to the installation sites, not counting the huge amounts of steel and aluminum used in mounting the modules. 7 GWp in 2010, requiring about 170,000 tons of materials to be delivered to the companies. For all material suppliers, these are appreciable amounts of products. Highly transparent glass for solar applications is produced by nearly all big glass producers, in Germany, St.
Springer Verlag, Berlin, 3-540-41327-8, pp. 245–254. Statistical data on PV installations in Germany can be found under. pdf. CHAPTER FOUR Overview of Photovoltaic Production, Markets, and Perspectives Paula Mints Director, Energy, Navigant, Palo Alto, California, USA Contents 1. Introduction and Chapter Methodology 2. Overview of Supply and Demand in Relationship to the PV Industry 3. 2 Regional capacity and utilization by technology 4. 5 Perspective and future outlook for the PV industry and its technologies 49 51 56 61 69 72 72 76 76 76 82 1.
Large plants produce solar electricity at the lowest cost and are the preferred systems form for investors. The big German system companies are able to offer all three stages of a project, the project development (planning, site selection, financing, administrative approval), installation, and operation. Well-known examples of big companies are as follows: – IBC Solar (International Battery and Solar Power Consulting) founded 1982 in Bad Staffelstein (near Coburg/Bavaria) – Gehrlicher Solar founded in 1994 as Enersys Energiesysteme Gehrlicher in Neustadt (Coburg/Bavaria) – Juwi founded by Fred Jung and Matthias Willenbacher in 1996 in Wo¨rrstadt (near Mainz/Rhineland-Palatinate) – Conergy was founded in 1998 by Hans-Martin Ru¨ter as a project developer and producer of components based in Hamburg – Pho¨nix Solar in Sulzemoos (near Munich/Bavaria) founded in 1999 – Belectric was founded in 2001 in Kolitzheim (near Munich/Bavaria) This list is not at all complete of course, but it shows some major companies which are active, besides in Germany, also in other countries like France, Spain, and Italy.