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Download Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes PDF

By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes

Membranes are essentially designed to split specific gases/liquids from different streams of gas/liquids, which offers an more and more very important and promising power to either the normal and replacement energy sectors, in addition to to scrub purposes. Advances in fabrics advancements besides machine modeling and simulation have contributed enormously to this box, bearing in mind greater layout and manufacture of selective membrane as serious elements for such strength and environmental platforms as gasoline processing, ion shipping, osmosis and filtration. The calls for of sustainable strength construction and fresh proceed to force membrane improvement towards the aim of straightforward, effective, and simply built-in platforms that provide reasonably cheap, trustworthy processing and operation. This booklet provides a finished overview membrane technology and expertise, concentrating on advancements and purposes within the parts of sustainable strength and clean-industry. The e-book at the start offers with primary technology and engineering of membrane layout, improvement and manufacture, together with operational matters, functionality and monetary research . insurance keeps with studies of the most membrane software within the traditional power and petrochemical industries, together with membranes for carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) separation, besides gas and flue fuel processing. the choice strength region is then thought of, with assessment of gas telephone, electrolyser and battery membrane expertise advancements, in addition to for hydrogen (H2) separation and osmotic purposes. the ultimate part experiences environmental and clean-industry functions, similar to ultrafiltration and dangerous waste processing.

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Additional resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)

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Indd 21 8/5/11 10:45:03 AM 2 Fundamental science of gas and vapour separation in polymeric membranes Y. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis (TIPS), Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia Abstract: This chapter discusses the principles of gas and vapour permeation and separation in non-porous polymeric membranes. The dependence of permeability, diffusion and solubility coefficients on the parameters of gaseous penetrants and properties of polymers are considered. Special sections deal with the effects of pressure and temperature on the transport parameters.

5 m3 h–1 units; both are able to purify salt water and water contaminated by chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear agents. During a 24-hour period, at normal operating parameters, one unit can produce 55–270 m3 of water, with a required 4-hour maintenance window to check systems, pumps, RO elements and the engine generator. A single ROWPU can sustain the size of a battalion, or roughly 1000–6000 service members (http://www. htm). Water and wastewater purification Rain water collected from storm drains is purified with RO water processors and used for landscape irrigation and industrial cooling in Los Angeles and other cities, as a solution to the problem of water shortages.

Indd 21 8/5/11 10:45:03 AM 2 Fundamental science of gas and vapour separation in polymeric membranes Y. V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis (TIPS), Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia Abstract: This chapter discusses the principles of gas and vapour permeation and separation in non-porous polymeric membranes. The dependence of permeability, diffusion and solubility coefficients on the parameters of gaseous penetrants and properties of polymers are considered. Special sections deal with the effects of pressure and temperature on the transport parameters.

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