By A. C. Ewing
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Extra resources for A Short Commentary on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
In fact, he developed his epistemology to counter skepticism, but his attempts to do so had itself skeptical implications, which was in turn what motivated Buridan to formulate his own epistemology. a history of skepticism in the middle ages 21 Nicholas develops his position in an attempt to refute the skeptical views of Bernard of Arezzo, an early fourteenth century follower of Scotus. The issue at hand was the by now familiar one, namely, whether one can have an intuitive cognition of non-existent things.
Geburtstag, R. Claussen and R. ). Tubingen: Stauffenburg, 1988, 65–70. Groarke, L. “Ancient Skepticism”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2008 Edition), Edward N. edu/entries/ skepticism-ancient/, 2008. Karger, E. “Ockham and Wodeham on Divine Deception as a Skeptical Hypothesis”, Vivarium 42:2, 2004, 225–236. King, P. Augustine: Against the Academicians and The Teacher. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1995. Perler, D. Zweifel und Gewissheit: Skeptische Debatten im Mittelalter. Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 2006.
For what guarantees are there that the message has been understood correctly and that there is no further layer of meaning concealed under the one received? 32 By contrast, the Orthodoxy which Ghazālī seeks to defend always has a clear warrant for employing allegorical interpretation (taʾwīl) where and when it does. 34 The Incoherence of the Philosophers There is, then, a principled limit as to what and how much can be claimed in terms of necessary knowledge. Drawing the line is important 31 Māturīdī lists transmission, reason, and sense-perception as the three principal sources of knowledge, (see Rudolph 1997, 256): we will encounter the last two in section 4 below.