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Additional info for A Common Faith (The Terry Lectures Series)
2008-07-08 页码，43/288 -71- over points of logic and metaphysics were particularly strenuous, and contending forces almost always deployed themselves along institutional lines. If Dominicans were loyal to Thomas, Franciscans backed the Scotist cause. The University of Padua established separate Thomist and Scotist chairs in metaphysics and theology, both of them occupied by prominent philosophers and theologians who involved themselves in wider struggles, including the religious rivalries of the Reformation.
Rule at our university. ' 15 Yet Melanchthon and other followers of Luther soon found that they could not see far without the Stagirite as they worked to fashion a reliable programme of education for the new faithful. After the Reformation, the Aristotelianism that survived and then prospered in Protestant lands was as strong or perhaps stronger than the Peripatetic tradition sustained in some Catholic regions. All the reformed universities, whether new foundations or renovations of previously popish institutions, looked steadfastly to Aristotle to show them the way in philosophy.
He maintained, for example, that objects falling in a void would all move at the same infinite velocity if they met no resistance. Drawing upon earlier critics, Philoponus saw defects in Aristotle's view, and he made good use of experience and common sense to reach the conclusion that the identical velocity at which all bodies would move in a void must be finite, not infinite. After Philoponus' commentary ____________________ 10Branca ( 1973; 1980); Mahoney ( 1992b: 169-73; 1986: 511-24). -70- on the Physics was published in 1535, his clever criticisms added fuel to the fire that eventually consumed Peripatetic natural philosophy.